symbol of Indian Council of Agricultural Research ICAR-Central Institute for Arid Horticulture


The patent office, Govt. of India has granted and issued certificate of patent for an invention entitled bio-pesticide compositions and formulation from (Citrullus colocynthis) for insect control under Patents Act, 1970. In a press release the Director of the Institute Dr. D. K. Samadia has stated that this product is absolutely safe and effective to control insect-pests in arid zone fruits and vegetables. He congratulated Dr. S. M. Haldhar, Scientist (Entomology) and his team for this achievement. The Institute has released this product with the name of "Thar Jaivik 41 EC" in 2019 and had sent for patent. This bio-pesticide is effective against Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera litura, white fly and aphid with safe to natural enemies. The data on phyto-toxicity effect on plant was also recorded and found that no effect was observed on plant when applied 10 times more dose of the recommended dose of bio-pesticide (Thar Jaivik 41 EC). It's also observed that their no effect on fruits and vegetables after 3 days spraying of bio-pesticide (Thar Jaivik 41 EC) for eating the humans. Indian arid zone is characterized by high temperature and low and variable precipitation, which limit the scope for high crop productivity. The existing low productivity could be increased by following improved new technologies and inputs. The area and yield potential of arid horticultural crops has increased many-fold because of the development of new varieties, agro-techniques and plant protection measures in arid region. Insect-pests are major constraints for increasing the production of arid horticulture crops in India. Chemical pesticides have played an important role in managing pests and diseases and increasing arid horticulture crops production in the past, but, their indiscriminate use for over three decades has led to several problems such as development of resistance in pest to pesticides, pesticides residues, destruction of beneficial insects and the outbreak of secondary pests. These negative effects have provided the impetus for the development of alternatives including botanical pesticides. Organic botanical pesticides are an important group of naturally occurring, often slow-acting crop protectants that are usually safer to humans and with minimal residual effects. On the basis of above background, we have made bio-pesticide formulation that is Thar Jaivik 41 EC from tumba (Citrullus colocynthis) and desi cow urine.

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